- Popularity (based on reliable sites like Google Trends, NPM Trends and GitHub)
- Establishment (this factor includes how mainstream or established a framework is in the programming community or industry)
- Support (based on how much community support a particular framework has)
- Future Prospects (this one includes the strength of the framework going towards the future, i.e., it is not fading away in the future).
- It happens to be one of the most unbiased and neutral frameworks in which React-Core is just a component-based library for the View layer.
- React also happens to be very versatile, which shows in their slogan ‘Learn Once, Write Anywhere,’ meaning that developers who have once learned React can then go on to create anything from websites, mobile apps, desktop applications, and back-end development.
- It has recently introduced new features like React-Fiber for better concurrency, React hook for less boilerplate code, and suspense for better rendering.
- React framework offers the best server-side rendering (SSR) along with excellent search engine optimization (SEO) support.
- Finally, having the backing of Facebook, React framework is continuously under development and only keeps improving, thanks to the rigorous battle testing by 2.6 billion users of Facebook.
- As discussed earlier, its main feature is being an asynchronous and event-driven framework and can build scalable network applications.
- Like react, Node.js is also cross-platform, and once you have mastered it, you can work on pretty much anything, including windows, macOS, iOS, Linux and Android, etc.
- Because of its smaller size and a relatively faster startup, node.js is favorable in serverless computing.
- Node.js is an open-source framework run by OpenJS Foundation and supported by tech giants like IBM, Microsoft, and Netflix, which makes its development and new advancements very easy.
- Angular is uniquely suited to enterprise-grade large codebase due to the separation of the template from styling and business logic.
- Built-in features like DOM sanitization make Angular the most secure front-end framework.
- While Google may not be backing Angular as some other tech giants back their frameworks, it does, however, release new features every now and then.
- Angular 9 has introduced a new rendering engine called Ivy, which reduces startup time, response time, and bundle size.
There was one thing that was common amongst all three of the frameworks we discussed before, and it was that they are all being backed by some huge tech giant, which ensures their continuous development and keeping them up to date. Vue.js, on the other hand, was created by an ex-Google engineer Evan You. You made the Vue.js by bringing together all the best parts of different JS frameworks that include view layer from AngularJS and virtual DOM from React. It is now considered one of the easiest frameworks that developers can use to work on front-end development and write SPA applications with minor effort.
Vue.JS can work as an end-to-end framework with routing having the capabilities of both, i.e., state management like Angular or a view layer like React.
- It offers reactive two-way data binding (like Angular) and Virtual DOM, Event Sourcing (like React). It comes with two other features, including an opinionated end-to-end framework and a view layer with state management.
- It is currently going under an overhaul and will return stronger than ever with Vue.js 3.0.
As we have established before that React is a very unopinionated framework where React-Core only offers the view layer. This left room for a framework that is based on React but is an end-to-end opinionated framework. That is where Next.js comes in, created by Tim Neutkens and a group of other engineers from a Dutch company called Zeit. Next.js is an end-to-end higher-level web framework on top of React and Node.js. It offers both static websites for desktop, mobile devices, and web as well as server-rendered.
- Like many others before it, you only need to learn Next.js once, and then you can utilize its versatility to develop for pretty much any platform you want.
- It offers server-side rendering with exceptional search engine optimization support and a quick startup.
- Next.js supports data fetching and built-in CSS support that is easy-to-use.
- It is a complete application framework with everything from middleware to routing and template.
- Express.js offers robust routing.
- It also supports content negotiation.
- Meteor offers full-stack framework for application development starting from the back-end and finishing till the front-end.
- While it does have its engine for front end development, most developers integrate meteor with other popular-front end development platforms like Angular, React, or Svelte.
- Like many other cross-platform frameworks, meteor also allows web development across all platforms, including web, desktop, and mobile.
- Svelte is an unopinionated framework like React-core and is just a view layer.
- It does not need any framework-specific runtime, as it is a compile-time framework. Svelte also has the smallest bundle size.
- Svelte also happens to be a cross-platform framework suitable for all application development platforms.
- Svelte supports both server-side and client-side rendering with search engine optimization support.
Ember.js is a highly opinionated, end-to-end framework created by Yehuda Katz from Apple in 2012. It is inspired by the principle “Convention over Configuration” from Ruby on Rails. It happens to be a strictly backward compatible framework and has offered no significant changes ever since its inception. While other structures from that time have entirely vanished from the development community, ember stills stand due to its reliability and productive framework.
- Highly cohesive end-to-end opinionated framework.
- Instead of just one tech company, ember is backed by many, including Yahoo, LinkedIn, and many more. Thus, not being limited to one corporation’s needs.
- Its data library is the best to access data across multiple sources at once.
Koa is a middleware framework created by TJ Holowaychuk, a core member of the Express.js team in 2013. For a middleware framework, Koa is very robust, expressive, modern, and lightweight. Another essential and distinguishing feature of Koa is that it is highly modular with tine core with no middleware.
- Koa is lightweight with a tiny core and no out-of-the-box middleware bundle.
- As discussed before, it is modular in its architecture and offers pluggable middleware modules.
- Koa allows performing actions downstream as well as manipulating the response upstream with the help of a cascading middleware in a stack-like manner.
- When talking about performance, Koa outperforms express.js.
While it is easy comparing all these frameworks based upon their features, but there can be no specific answers as to which one of these ten is the absolute best and the go-to solution for every problem. This is because there is not one. While they all perform somewhat similar functions, all of them have one or two features that are specific to them and gives them a competitive advantage over others. These powerful features make it challenging to choose one framework from all of these. At the end of the day, it melts down to the nature of your application. At that moment, the framework that suits your requirements the best is ultimately the best framework of these all.